Rosacea, although we cannot cure our management and control treatment has come a long way over the last 10 years.
Laser & Light therapy, new formulations of specific Rosacea and Acne supplements producing results for aggressive flair.
Rosacea management is a long-term plan. Affecting more than 2 in 10 people in Ireland, Acne Rosacea while enduring years of research we can still only offer a management and control plan. Facial flushing, redness, or the ‘blushed look’ thickening of the skin is all symptoms of Rosacea & not all symptoms present together. Many cases are mild; spots can often be cleared with topical treatment, antibiotic & combined with photo-rejuvenation treatments (impulse light IPL)
What causes rosacea?
Although research continues into the skin complaint, an exact cause is not known, there are a number of theories & common factors that often present in rosacea suffers, although none of these factors have definitely been proven.
- Very small blood vessels under the troubled skin may become abnormal or leaky.
- Sun damage.
- A tiny mite called demodex folliculorum may be involved. It lives harmlessly on the skin of many people but has been found in higher numbers in those with rosacea.
- Abnormal immune system reactions in the skin, which lead to inflammation.
- Genetics may also be involved as rosacea may run in some families.
Who suffers from rosacea?
Although the numbers can come across as a little scary, over 2 in 10 in Ireland for example, in most cases it is a mild form and easily managed. Often symptoms present early in your 20’s although it is much more common between the ages of 30 to 50. In very rare cases rosacea can present in children, women are more commonly affected than men. Although more common for women, men tend to on average suffer more severely. As with most sensitivity, it is typically more prominent in fair-skinned rather than dark-skinned people.
How is rosacea diagnosed?
Diagnosis of rosacea is straightforward, through normal identification; the appearance of rosacea is identified by the symptoms you present on your face.
What are the symptoms of rosacea?
- Frequent flushing of the face rosacea symptoms is redness, flushing of the face or a blushed look. Furthermore this can be the mild onset, this may stay long term, may evolve into a worsening condition, sometimes it can take years for a mild condition to evolve into a more aggressive concern.
- Erythema or redness of parts of the face, a look similar to mild sunburn.
- Papules & small cysts (pustules) or small lumpy red spots, the spots are sometimes confused with acne, although to the trained eye there are differences in both identification and treatment.
- Telanglectasia on the face tiny blood vessels become highly visible just under the surface of the skin.
Eye symptoms (also called ocular rosacea) occur in about half of cases but are often mild. They can include:
- A feeling of something in the eye.
- Burning, stinging or itchy eyes.
- Sensitivity to light.
- Eyelid problems such as cysts, styes or eyelid inflammation (blepharitis).
- Thickening of the skin is quite rare, also known as (rhinophyma) (a bulbous, bumpy nose) affecting mainly the central parts of the face, cheeks, and forehead, nose, around the chin and mouth.
Rosacea is not normally a painful condition, not itchy but can seem burning, irritated over the affected areas. Living with rosacea is more visually distressing for the sufferer, and is often confused with the skin of a heavy drinker.
Symptoms can and do vary individually
Many people only ever experience the lower symptoms often never evolving into more serious concerns. Additionally many people will only suffer the ‘blushing or flushing of the face’ and experience no other symptoms.
- Some sufferers experience multiple symptoms, although a single symptom often dominates.
- Spots to the face although commonplace are not always an indicator of rosacea
- Rhinophyma is very rare and often presents with just that symptom or before any other symptoms develop.
Basically, the symptoms are very individual specific just like the treatment plan and process.
Treatment & management options
Currently, we do not have a cure, we have management plans and treatments designed to reduce the visible signs. Although technology is always advancing as to medical research, currently we have at our disposal light therapy, medical grade IPL and assisted plans to combat and manage most types of rosacea symptoms.